The inner lining of the anal canal is the mucosa. Most anal cancers start from cells in the mucosa. Glands and ducts tubes leading from the glands are found under the mucosa. The glands make mucus, which acts as a lubricating fluid. Anal cancers that start from cells in the glands are called adenocarcinomas.
Chronic anal fissure: 2% topical diltiazem hydrochloride
What Is Anal Cancer?
An anal fissure is a common and often painful problem caused by a small tear or ulcer open sore in the lining of the anus back passage. This can cause bleeding, local itching and pain with a bowel movement, which can be severe. When someone has an anal fissure the first treatments can include a high-fibre diet, laxatives and applying anaesthetic ointments to the affected area. Anal fissures usually heal within a few weeks but those that have not healed after 4—6 weeks are called chronic fissures. If someone has a chronic fissure, it is thought that the reason it has not healed is that the ring muscle sphincter that goes around the anus back passage has become so tense that the flow of blood to the lining of the anus is reduced. That means that not enough oxygen carried by the blood gets to the fissure or tear.
Jump to content. An anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the lower rectum anal canal that causes pain during bowel movements. Anal fissures don't lead to more serious problems. Most anal fissures heal with home treatment after a few days or weeks.
This information may also be useful to the friends, families, and caregivers of patients dealing with rectal prolapse. Treatment of this condition may often require surgery, and this patient education material is intended for patients with rectal prolapse who are considering or have been recommended surgery. It will address why surgery may have been recommended, what the various treatment options are, what it involves and how it may help patients. While this may be uncomfortable, it rarely results in an emergent medical problem. Overall, rectal prolapse affects relatively few people 2.