The lewd, leering face of the Egyptian god Bes can be seen in modern images of the Christian Devil, writes Alastair Sooke. Earlier this year I visited the temple of the goddess Hathor at Dendera on the west bank of the Nile in Egypt. Yet my eye was drawn to another figure altogether who was considerably more ugly than pointy-chinned Cleopatra. With the squat, stocky body of a bandy-legged dwarf, he faces outwards, arms akimbo. His grotesque head has a leering, lewd expression, as his thick tongue lolls towards his chin, while the strands of his beard end in flickering spirals.
How Egyptian god Bes gave the Christian Devil his looks
Who Was the Most Powerful Woman in Ancient History?
Egypt , known officially as the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country which spans the southwest corner of Asia and the northeast corner of Africa. This is made possible through a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Most of Egypt is located in North Africa. Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East. With a estimated population of This is up from the last official census figure of Cairo alone, which is the capital city of Egypt, has a population of around
Were the ancient Egyptians black or white? Scientists now know
Scientists who managed to obtain full genome sequences of Ancient Egyptians for the first time have concluded the people of the pharaohs were more closely related to modern Europeans and inhabitants of the Near East rather than present-day Egyptians. But the claims sparked suspicion from one leading Egyptologist, who questioned whether genetic analysis could justify such a sweeping statement and pointed to a long history of spurious attempts to separate ancient Egyptians from the modern-day population. The mummies were taken from a single archaeological site on the River Nile, Abusir el-Meleq, which was inhabited from 3,BC to AD and was home to a cult of Osiris, the god of the dead, making it a good place to be buried. A complete genome sequence was obtained for three mummies and mitochondrial DNA, which is passed through the female line, was obtained from 90 individuals. In contrast to the changes between the ancient and modern period, the researchers, from Cambridge University and institutions in Germany, Poland and Australia, found the genetic make-up of the mummies was remarkably constant despite the arrival of the Romans and other foreign powers.
The role of women in Egypt has changed throughout history, from ancient to modern times. From the earliest preserved archaeological records, Egyptian women were considered nearly equal to men in Egyptian society, regardless of marital status. Women were stated lower than men when it came to a higher leader in the Egyptian hierarchy counting his peasants.